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Syrian ports operational, but most imports now shipped in overland

SYRIA's 3-year-old civil war has slashed shipping and cut oil production to 50,000 barrels per day from 350,000 barrels, insufficient to meet domestic demand and eliminating exports, says the International Energy Association.

Syrian ports operational, but most imports now shipped in overland
15 October 2013 - 19:21

Syrian ports operational, but most imports now shipped in overland

SYRIA's 3-year-old civil war has slashed shipping and cut oil production to 50,000 barrels per day from 350,000 barrels, insufficient to meet domestic demand and eliminating exports, says the International Energy Association.

Syrian food imports, wheat, sugar and rice, now come by land from neighbouring countries, Reuters reports.

Syria's Port of Lattakia told Reuters that it remains open and was experiencing no operational problems, allowing normal operations. But earlier this year, Manila's International Container Terminal Services (ICTSI) pulled out.

Calls at the two ports by dry bulk vessels fell from a peak of 108 in March to just 20 in September with general cargo vessels dropping to 52 to 120 between March and September.

But CMA CGM, part of a consortium that manages Lattakia's box terminal, is continues to call at both ports and Maersk operates a weekly feeder through a sister company.

Lloyd's List Intelligence reports that before the civil in 2011, Syria exported most of its excess crude production across the Mediterranean to southern Europe using aframax tonnage.

Italy was Syria's No 1 customer, importing more than 37 million barrels a year, or 103,000 barrels per day with France importing 17,000 bpd in 2010, falling to 12,151 bpd followed by the Netherlands at 10,000 bpd in both 2010 and early 2011 and Spain at 7,500 bpd in 2010, down to 4,500 bpd by early 2011.

In May 2011, the US and the EU sanctions ended the country's external trade to the US and Europe.

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