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South America's container trade bounces back after 3 years decline

DUTCH maritime research house Dynamar has released its latest South America Container Trades report, highlighting a return to growth after three years of decline for the region's international trade

South America's container trade bounces back after 3 years decline

DUTCH maritime research house Dynamar has released its latest South America Container Trades report, highlighting a return to growth after three years of decline for the region's international trade

21 February 2019 - 19:00

DUTCH maritime research house Dynamar has released its latest South America Container Trades report, highlighting a return to growth after three years of decline for the region's international trade.

The report, written by Darron Wadey, notes the growth after economic contractions between 2014 and 2016, with subsequent recovery in 2017. Full container carryings between South America and the rest of the world reached just over 10 million TEU in 2017. This was up eight per cent on 2016. Dynamar expects South America containerised trade to reach 14 million TEU in 2021.



South America's exports are largely agricultural based: meat and chicken from the east coast and fruit from the west coast. Imports include consumer goods, equipment and machinery of various types and petroleum products. South America accounts for 16 per cent of worldwide perishable exports.



Between 2013 and 2017, South America's merchandise trade, by value, shrank some $222 billion, or 20 per cent, to $897 billion. The main damage was done in 2015 when the value of trade dropped 19 per cent.



Compound annual growth rate over the whole period reviewed was -5 per cent. Port Callao, Peru, had the highest container throughput on the west coast, Santos, Brazil on the east coast. The report covers Chile, Peru, Ecuador, Colombia, Brazil, Uruguay and Argentina, as well as two landlocked countries: Bolivia and Paraguay.



Port container handlings of more than 50 South America ports studied reached 22 million TEU in 2017, reflecting a growth of 6.4 per cent on the year before, reports Fort Lauderdale's Maritime Executive.



A number of private terminal operators are active throughout South America, six are local to South America. Global operator APM Terminals and Chile-based SM both have interests in six facilities each. Other operators with interests in the region include DP World, ICTSI, TIL (MSC) and regional company Ultramar.



The report identifies 47 container liner services that offer direct connections with South America with a fleet of some 341 vessels at an average of 6,500 TEU per ship. In terms of average capacity deployed, the Far East trade lane leads the way, followed by Europe and North America, respectively.



These liner services call at 38 South American ports. 21 are located on the east coast and 17 on the west coast.



The South America trades have experienced the loss of some familiar names: CSAV to Hapag-Lloyd in 2014 and CCNI to Hamburg Sud in 2015. Hamburg Sud and affiliate Alianca survive, but are part of Maersk group.



The two largest carriers in the South America deepsea trades are Maersk Line and MSC, respectively. These control 49 per cent of annual trade capacity.



More than 10 carriers, including the likes of NileDutch, Seatrade and ZIM supply less than one per cent of capacity. Total annual trade capacity reached almost nine million TEU in 2017.



The 23 vessel liner carriers active on the trades serving South America deploy 341 ships with a total carrying capacity of 2.2 million TEU. They connect South America with 77 ports in the Far East, Europe, North and Central America and Africa. Among the ships are 51 ultra-large container ships ranging from 10,000 to 13,000 TEU.


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