The Primorsk Universal Port Complex (PUPC) will be built on a 760 hectare plot, some 1.5 kilometres southeast of the existing oil harbour. The new port will have several dedicated terminals, including a container-handling facility with an annual capacity of three million TEU initially, rising to three million TEU at a later stage, according to UK's The Loadstar.
Due to its depth of 18 metres alongside, PUPC would be the Gulf of Finland's deepest port and will be capable of accommodating Balticmax vessels, according to its director general Andrey Sizov.
'With its 860-metre-long pier and four berths, our container terminal would be Russia's only facility able to handle 20,000 TEU container carriers operated by [the] largest ocean lines,' he said. 'This would save freight carriers' resources currently spent for feeder services.'
The port (and the terminal) would also have a well-developed overland transport infrastructure, featuring both rail approach lines (with an annual capacity of 34 million tonnes) and a 42 kilometre-long four-lane motorway linking Primorsk with the Scandinavia International Highway. This would make it a regional multimodal transport cluster.
To consolidate and distribute containers, it is planned to build a dedicated warehouse logistics centre (WLC) occupying a total area of 100 hectares. The warehousing centre will provide facilities for outdoor, indoor and low-temperature storage, as well as various additional services, such as empty container repair, truck maintenance, oversized and ro-ro vehicle parking.
To arrange temporary container storage, the terminal would have a 40 hectare container yard, a warehouse for 60,000 TEU and a reefer handling area with 3,000 electrical sockets.
To attract new freight owners and flows, PUPC's principal shareholders, Saint Petersburg businessmen Ilya Traber and Ramis Deberdeyev, have been lobbying for the creation of a special economic zone (SEZ) within the free areas reserved for the development of the Primorsk Port.
It is planned to complete the building of the port facilities by December 2024 to reach the targeted handling volumes by 2030. Estimated at about US$2.5 billion with a payback period of 12 years, the project would be financed from PUPC's own and borrowed funds with partial public participation.