Maritime industry to rally in the new year after Covid shockwave
GLOBAL maritime trade is expected to plunge 4
23 December 2020 - 19:00
The industry has also been dealing with the knock-on effects of growing trade protectionism and inward-looking policies, according to United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) in a report last month.
Malaysia's port operator Westport Holdings had said its container volume declined four per cent for the first nine months of 2020 as compared to the same period last year.
It handled lesser container throughput of 7.73 million TEU during the first nine months of 2020 as container volume and demand were affected by various forms of lockdown imposed globally to control the spread of Covid.
According to Shipping Association Malaysia (SAM), container throughput for 2020 is expected to reduce by 15 per cent from 25 million TEU in 2019 due to lower transshipment activities and container volume caused by the disruption in the supply chain.
Malaysia's maritime sector also witnessed heated debates on the cabotage policy in Parliament in late November, which led to a change of Malaysia's policy and sparking some industry positivism.
On November 24, Transport Minister Wee Ka Siong while winding-up his debate on the Supply Bill 2021 told the Dewan Rakyat of his decision to revoke the cabotage policy exemption that allowed foreign-flagged ships to repair undersea cables in Malaysian waters.
The proposed revocation prompted former transport minister Anthony Loke Siew Fook who had granted the exemption then, to question Mr Wee's rationale for the decision.
Subsequently, opposition lawmakers and giant tech companies questioned the government's stance in welcoming investment from international companies as well as Malaysia's aspirations as a data centre hub.
However, the Malaysia Shipowners' Association, Malaysian Oil Support Vessels (OSV) Owners' Association (MOSVA), and Association Of Marine Industries Of Malaysia (AMIM) welcomed the decision to revoke the cabotage policy exemption.
They see it as timely as they felt local companies should be given opportunities and consideration before any tenders for related works were awarded to foreign companies.
MOSVA president Mohamed Safwan Othman said the association supported the government's decision and emphasised that more measures should be taken to revitalise and protect the local economy as it had heavily borne the brunt of Covid-19.
Citing other countries that are taking similar measures, he said the United States, Brazil and even Indonesia have a more stringent cabotage policy than Malaysia.
He also stressed that there were more pressing issues than cabotage, with many pseudo-Malaysian companies operating in the region.
'These companies use proxies to 'Malaysianise' their vessels and companies but they are actually owned by foreign companies, especially our southern neighbour.
'Based on our estimate and observations, there are as many as 100 OSVs in Malaysia with Malaysian flags operating under these pseudo-Malaysian companies,' he said.
MOSVA members own about 300 vessels. There is an addition of about 100 vessels in Malaysian waters that are owned by non-MOSVA members including those belonging to pseudo-Malaysian companies.
'That translates into around MYR1 billion (US$247.1 billion) of charter hires per year and this is actually detrimental to our economy, as much of the money will flow out of the country.
'With the recent controversy about foreign-owned cable-laying vessels working in Malaysian waters, it is time that such cabotage policy is strictly enforced and the practice stopped as otherwise the balance of payments will be further aggravated,' said Mr Safwan said.
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