Shandong Gold Mining and Zijin Mining Group Co Ltd have driven a wave of acquisitions from the Canadian Arctic to South America to West Africa this year, Reuters reports.
Those include the pending purchase of a mine in western Nunavut, once part of Canada's Northwest Territories.
Canada and Australia have recently tightened restrictions on investment by state-backed firms, fearing economic dislocation caused by the coronavirus pandemic will make it easier to buy strategic assets. No specific countries have been named under the revised guidelines.
'The concerns are almost entirely with China,' said Gordon Houlden, a former Canadian diplomat with extensive Chinese experience who heads the University of Alberta's China Institute.
The restrictions could also dampen appetite for deals in strategic minerals, bankers and analysts said.
Chinese companies' bids for Australian lithium companies are facing regulatory pushback while last month China's Goldsea Group abandoned its pursuit of gold miner Alta Metals after Australia's Foreign Investment Review Board (FIRB) sought more time to review the deal.
FIRB's decision is 'highly disappointing,' Graeme Testar, director of PCF Capital Group in Perth, told Reuters. 'This is gold, it's not on the critical minerals list.'
The agency said last month it will screen all deals in which a foreign investor buys an interest in a 'sensitive national security business' regardless of value. In April it blocked two investments by Chinese miners into the critical minerals sector, such as lithium and cobalt used in high-tech areas like renewable energy, electric vehicle batteries, and defence.
'Australia's foreign investment framework is open, transparent and welcoming. We welcome investment from any country and in any sector of the economy,' a spokeswoman for Australia's Treasury Department said.
But some bankers are concerned that FIRB could block China's Tianqi Lithium Corp from selling part of its 51 per cent stake in Australia's Greenbushes, the world's largest lithium mine, to a Chinese buyer.
'Chinese buyers continue to show interest and are willing to face the increased FIRB hurdle,' said Sherif Andrawes, BDO's global head of Natural Resources, speaking about the sector in general.
'One view is that the extra hurdle for foreign buyers has helped Australian acquirers,' he said.
Canada cited amplified risks to economic and national security and said all investments by state-owned firms would face enhanced scrutiny. The department of Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada, which oversees foreign investment, declined to comment beyond the government's stated policy when contacted by Reuters.
China's miners are scouting for deals due to limits on domestic exploration, said David Bo, a former manager at Ivanhoe Mines.